Society continues to inch toward a future where artificial intelligence has the potential to make ethical decisions, and function with complete autonomy.
The market for driverless cars and mobility-as-a-service are predicted to grow to $7 trillion by 2050. Benefits of this include consumers regaining up to 250 million hours of free time, as well as $234 billion in public cost savings due to reduced accidents from human error, as well as 1 million lives saved annually if driverless cars can eliminate 90% of traffic fatalities.
However, some ethical questions arise with driverless cars. A recent global study analyzed who should be saved in certain situations. A large majority (76%) preferred to save as many lives as possible, spare passengers over pedestrians, and swerve vs. staying on course when asked specific questions. Although a majority chose to save the lives of people in driverless cars, very few were willing to purchase a vehicle designed to minimize harm.
Furthermore, Amazon is dabbling in AI with Rekognition. Amazon Rekognition has capabilities to identify up to 100 faces in a single image and track people in real time through surveillance cameras.
The downside to using this technology is that it can become untrustworthy. Female candidates have been filtered out of the job process, and detecting darker skin tones is a struggle, introducing bias into the technology. As a result, several cities have banned the use of facial recognition AI.
We must emphasize the importance of building trustworthy technology to prevent false profiling and sacrificing lives in driverless vehicles. With AI, your face and voice could be used to create fake video, identified using a facial recognition algorithm, and used to falsely convict you of a crime. How do we know what’s real? Check out the infographic below for more about the ethics of A.I.