Robotics will be a major driver for global job creation over the next five years. The announcement is based on a study (available for free download; see below) conducted by the market research firm, Metra Martech, “Positive Impact of Industrial Robots on Employment,” which was published earlier this month in Tokyo.
One million industrial robots currently in operation have been directly responsible for the creation of close to three million jobs, the study concluded. A growth in robot use over the next five years will result in the creation of one million high-quality jobs around the world. Robots will help to create jobs in some of the most critical industries of this century: consumer electronics, food, solar and wind power, and advanced battery manufacturing, to name just a few.
Industrial Robots save production locations and millions of jobs
In additional to the million jobs expected to be directly created by the increased use of robotics, the report’s authors also say that saving manufacturing jobs results in saving jobs throughout the community. This means restaurants, shops, and the service economy likewise benefit from this valuable ripple effect.
“In world terms three to five million jobs would not exist if automation and robotics had not been developed to enable cost effective production of millions of electronic products, from Phones to Playstations,” the report, “Positive Impact of Industrial Robots on Employment” by Metra Martech, November 2011, entitled notes.
The report states that between 2000-2008, manufacturing employment increased in nearly every major industrialized country, even as the use of robotics increased sharply. This same pattern is now being seen in China, Brazil, and other emerging countries as those nations rapidly increase their use of robotics. In Brazil, the number of robots almost quadrupled during the study period with both production and employment rising by over 20%.
The Report found that manufacturing employment is stronger in countries that continue to accelerate their robot investments, stating that “The German and Japanese (automotive) manufacturers who have invested heavily in automation and robots have maintained a lead in the quality market. Germany has increased the number of people employed in the automotive sector.”
“Positive Impact of Industrial Robots on Employment” by Metra Martech November 2011
Critical areas of growth in robotic deployment
The report’s author, Peter Gorle, highlighted three critical areas of growth in robotic deployment where:
- Robots working in areas that would be unsafe for humans
- Robots working in areas that would not be economically viable in a high-wage economy
- Robots performing work that would be impossible for humans
Marlin Steel, Baltimore, MD, USA, is an excellent illustration of the points made in the report regarding the advantages of using robots within an unsafe working environment. Since Marlin began introducing automation a dozen years ago, not only has the company benefited, but so have its employees.
Drew Greenblatt, Marlin Steel’s CEO of Marlin Steel bought the company in 1998. At that time, its employees were paid $6/hour with no benefits, and they typically produced 300 hand bends in an hour. “It was a boring job and an unsafe job, with a low level of quality”, said Mr. Greenblatt. “Now our employees are paid $25 to $30/hour including bonuses, overtime and great benefits. Each employee oversees four robots that produce 20,000 CNC bends in an hour and the quality has skyrocketed. Last year was our most successful one as a business, exporting to more than 30 countries. We’ve increased our workforce by more than a quarter. Thanks to the robots, jobs at Marlin are both interesting and safe.”
Similarly, Odense, Denmark, is an excellent illustration of the ways in which robots save jobs in high-wage countries. Shipbuilding in Europe has been in steep decline over the last two to four decades, but robots have been key to efficiency savings at the Odense Steel Shipyard in Denmark. The company has invested in an autonomous, robotic arc welding system that has yielded big dividends. Odense Steel Shipyard has increased productivity by a factor of six when compared with manual welding, sped up production and made quality improvements, while also protecting the jobs of qualified welders.
The report concluds that the growth of the high tech industries such as the electronics and semiconductor sector and pharmaceutical sectors was significantly assisted by robots providing the required quality, precision, speed and traceability cannot be achieved manually. Therefore robots have contributed significantly to the fast paced growth and employment within these sectors.
The future – where robots will make the most impact beyond 2016
“The future of robotics will be one of much greater ubiquity,” the report notes. Miniaturization and new sensing capabilities will mean that robotics is used in an increasing number of industries, including those with small and varying lot sizes, materials and product geometries.
Moreover, according to the report, robotics will make great inroads in service industries, especially healthcare, where an aging population will require support services, for which human care givers will be too few in number to provide. Robots will likewise play an important role in transportation and in the provision of home services. Robots will also help protect homes and offices, secure borders and monitor the environment in both routine and emergency operations.”
The next generation of robotics puts us on the cusp of another increase in employment in the robotics industry itself. The Report’s authors estimate that 300,000 people are already employed in the industrial robotics sector and an additional 45,000 people will be required by the industry within five years. The service robotics sector is expected to grow even faster than the industrial sector in the medium term and could itself be a major source of future jobs.
About the report
The report’s authors studied companies with more than 250 employees in:
- The automotive sector
- The electronics sector
- Food and Beverages
- Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals
The report focused on six countries, Brazil, China, Germany, Japan, Republic of Korea, and the United States, which are considered to be representative of the global economy.
Metra Martech is a long established specialist in industrial and economic analysis, with clients that include governments and international organizations.
(scroll down to download complete report for free)