The company was just recently involved in its first accident where injuries occurred as the self-driving Lexus SUV was rear-ended in Mountain View, Calif.
There are many obstacles that remain, however, before Google can meet its goal of releasing a self-driving vehicle by 2020. And dealing with bicyclists on the road might be one of them.
Gregg Tatum, an avid cyclist who typically logs about 6,000 miles per year, recently had an interesting encounter with an indecisive Google self-driving Lexus SUV while riding in Austin, Texas.
He first posted his story on Road Bike Review and retold it to Robotics Trends. Here’s what he says happened:
“Recently, near the end of one of my rides, I was approaching an intersection in my neighborhood that is signed as a four-way stop. As I slowed and prepared to stop, a vehicle entered the same intersection from the street to my left. The white Lexus SUV was unusual as it was adorned with a prominent roof-top camera as well as a variety of other sensors attached to various parts of the car. Closer inspection revealed that it was labeled as a ‘Google Self-driving Car.’
“The car arrived at the stop line a fraction of a second before I did and had the legal right-of-way. Not wanting to unclip my shoes from the pedals, I performed a maneuver called a track-stand in which a rider comes to a stop and then simply balances the bike without putting a foot down. As I waited for the car to proceed, I noticed that there were two occupants inside that appeared to be observers/testers.
“The car remained motionless for several seconds and I continued to maintain my balance without moving. As the car finally inched forward, I was forced to rock the handlebars to hold my position. Apparently, this motion was detected by one of the sensors and the car stopped abruptly. I held the bike in balance and waited for another several seconds and the cycle repeated itself – the car inched forward, I shifted my weight and re-positioned the bars and the car stopped. We did this little dance three separate times and the car was not even halfway through the intersection. I noticed at one point that the testers were laughing and apparently typing code into a terminal to ‘teach’ the vehicle how to deal with the situation.
“The car finally rolled on and I proceeded on my ride – it was an interesting experience and I noticed that I actually felt safer dealing with a robotically-operated vehicle than one with a human driver.”
Now, Google’s self-driving cars do have patented technology for cyclist hand detection.
The car’s sensors will notice a cyclist among other objects and vehicles on the road. It then measures the distance between the cyclist’s hand and head to decide whether a cyclist is turning or stopping. The algorithm will also look at the angle at which the cyclist’s elbow is bending, and the size and shape of the cyclist’s hands, arms and head.
Google’s newer self-driving prototype and the Lexus SUVs have the same software and sensors. In the video below, scroll ahead to the 1:10 mark, you’ll see a Google self-driving car detect a cyclist and predict that he is about to switch lanes. “The car knows to continue yielding to the cyclist passing by, even when he changes his mind, multiple times,” the video says.
At his TED Talk in March 2015, Chris Urmson, directing of self-driving cars at Google [x], showed a couple examples of how it deals with bicyclists. At 12:15, a bicyclist doesn’t adhere to a red light as the Google car’s light turns green. The car, however, anticipates that the bicyclist is going to cross the intersection and doesn’t move.
So, what happened in Tatum’s situation. Brad Templeton, a self-driving car consultant who once worked with Google’s team, offers some insight:
“Quite early in the project they programmed special behaviour at 4 way stops. At most 4 way stops, if you don’t assert your legal right-of-way, others will grab it, even if they came to the intersection later. Likewise, sometimes people will illegally grab your ROW. So you have to change the ‘I will never advance if somebody else is there’ caution to add a little assertiveness. If you don’t, you will sit too long at a busy stop waiting for a clear slot.